Is it necessary for screening irregular antibodies of blood donors?
  
View Full Text  View/Add Comment  Download reader
DOI:
KeyWord:donors, irregular antibodies, alloantibodies, autoantibodies, specificity
                          
AuthorInstitution
Ziyi He Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Qingkai Chen Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Shaobin Chen Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Qing Wang Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Jiaoli Zou Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Zeming Liu Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Suyuan Huang Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Zilang Zeng Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Jialin Che Dongguan Blood Center, Dongguan, Guangdong 523930, China.
Hits: 124
Download times: 188
Abstract:
      To explore the necessity of electronic crossmatching applied to irregular antibodies from blood donors, to ensure blood transfusion safety. Irregular antibody screening was performed on blood samples collected in the Dongguan Blood Center from Apr 17, 2014 to Dec 31, 2017. Primary screening was performed on the Sanquin automatic blood group analyzer by the microcolumn gel method (Sanquin). The positive samples were analyzed again using the salt medium method, polybrene method and micro-column gel method (Diana) for the second screening. If the second screening was positive, it was used to determine irregular antibody specificity (using panel cells) and any irregular antibody titer was detected. A total of 208,004 samples were detected, of which 316 were positive (316/208,004; 0.152%). Among them, 120 alloantibodies (120/135,139; 0.088%) were detected in male donors, which was much lower than in female donors (173/72,865; 0.237%) (P<0.01). A total of 16 kinds of known irregular antibodies and 40 cases of unknown antibody specificity were detected, with 119 cases of IgG type and 197 cases of IgM type, at the ratio of 1.65:1. In female donors, the frequencies of anti-D, anti-E, anti-M and anti-Lea were significantly higher than in male donors (P<0.01). In married couples, the frequencies of anti-D and anti-E were significantly higher than those unmarried (P<0.05). In minority nationalities, the frequency of anti-M was significantly higher than in the Han nationality (P<0.05). In non-Guangdong donors, the frequencies of anti-D and anti-Lea were significantly higher than in Guangdong donors. 87.02% of irregular antibody positive donors’ antibody titers were lower than “++”, which was deemed as no serious hazard for clinical transfusion. The study suggests that it is unnecessary to screen for irregular antibodies in blood donors. Male donors from Guangdong may not be required to undergo screening for irregular antibodies, and anti-D and anti-E only identification is also not required to be detected in female donors.
Close